Sodium C14-16 Olefin Sulfonate is a surfactant derived from coconuts.
Kaolin absorbs sebum and prevents pore clogging. It is used to draw out impurities and toxins and thereby clears the skin of excess oil, dirt, pollution, and debris.
Charcoal Powder (derived from coconut husks) is an extremely porous, purified powder that acts like a sponge attracting impurities and excess oil from the skin. (Think of a magnet pulling metal toxins [from pollution] from our cells.)
Glycerin acts as an emollient and lubricant. It can also be a humectant and draw moisture from the air to the skin.